This spring, the Children’s Bureau issued a national “Adoption Call to Action,” a challenge to child welfare systems to reduce the number of children and youth waiting to be adopted in the United States.
In the intervening months, child welfare leaders, state adoption managers, and others have poured over their state’s data, participated in regional and national meetings, and developed action plans with strategies to work toward the day that no youth linger in care.
Learn more about the children in out-of-home care:
- Who Are the Children and Youth in Out-of-Home Care? (220 KB PDF)
- Children Waiting for Adoption on the First Day of Fiscal Year 2016 (220 KB PDF)
Why has the Children’s Bureau issued this call?
Though almost 60,000 children were successfully moved to adoptive homes in 2017, there are many who wait too long or leave the system without a permanent home.
The data demonstrates that we need to do more to achieve permanency for the 123,000 children who are waiting to be adopted today. According 2017 AFCARS data:
- More than half of children waiting to be adopted—nearly 70,000—have already had a termination of their parental rights.
- Only 13 percent of them are reported as being in pre-adoptive homes.
- Teens wait twice as long as younger children, and 20,000 youth emancipated from the system without a permanent home.
How will the Adoption Call to Action support system improvement?
States are currently developing and implementing action plans and specific strategies to achieve permanency for more children and youth in a timely manner. This work includes examining data, policies, and practices and identifying common challenges to achieving permanency.
What challenges to achieving permanency for children have been identified so far?
In regional and national discussions, child welfare administrators have identified issues including:
- Defining permanency regarding data. Who are the children and youth with identified permanency families versus those who still need an identified family?
- Meeting timely permanency goals at the agency and court levels.
- Permanency for youth with disabilities, mental health and behavioral challenges.
- Workforce challenges (education, caseload, turnover).
- Age 0-8 children that have been in care for longer than 12 months.
- Lack of post-adoption services and supports.
- Procedural delays in court processes and court scheduling delays.
What strategies have been proposed as a result of the Adoption Call to Action so far?
- Early focus on permanency including an emphasis on concurrent planning.
- Improve processes and data collection and reporting.
- Increase focus on child- and population-specific recruitment.
- Create partnerships with key stakeholders.
- Increase engagement and empowerment of youth.
- Address caseworker concerns and attitudes (supervision, consultations, training).
- Increase awareness and availability of both pre- and post-adoption support.
What resources are available to help me with this work?
AdoptUSKids resources and publications:
- A photolisting that lets you search among the 2,500 approved families to find possible matches for a specific child waiting to be adopted, based on the child’s characteristics and needs
- A new Support Services Assessment Tool and companion guide help your child welfare system assess the quality and accessibility of support services
- Making the Most of Your Recruitment Efforts: Effective Response System Strategies and our assessment tool Is Your Response System Family Friendly?
- Using Customer Service Concepts to Enhance Recruitment and Retention Practices
- Talking With Older Youth About Adoption, developed collaboratively with Child Welfare Information Gateway
Publications developed by the Capacity Building Center for States:
- Engaging Faith-Based Communities to Achieve Timely Permanency for Children and Youth Waiting to Be Adopted (56 KB PDF)
- Engaging Nongovernmental Organizations to Achieve Timely Permanency for Children and Youth Waiting to Be Adopted (58 KB PDF)
- Engaging Philanthropic Partners to Achieve Timely Permanency for Children and Youth Waiting to Be Adopted (57 KB PDF)
If you have questions about the Adoption Call to Action and how AdoptUSKids can support your work to recruit and support families, contact us. We’re here to help! Send us an email.